Spring is the season of flowers, plants but also is the time of pests and diseases. If your vegetables get into some trouble and need your help. Don’t worry, you are reading the right post to find methods. Here are the 11 Spring Pests and Diseases You Should Watch Out To Protect Your Harvest and how to deal with them so you can get your crop off to a healthy start.
All plants are vulnerable to a range of diseases and insects and vegetables are no exception. To harvest high production and quality, you should observe the common pests and diseases as soon as possible. And these are common problems that almost all gardeners have experienced when growing. We hope that after reading this information, it will be useful for you.
#1 Early Blight
Although Early Blight is considered a spring disease, early blight can occur throughout the growing season that starts as brown splotches on the leaves, then leaves may turn brown entirely and fall off.
#2 Cabbage Worms
Cabbage worms chew on the leaves and can defoliate a plant very quickly. To protect your vegetables from these pests, you can cover new transplants with garden fabric as well as protect the seedlings from windy spring weather. Or, your chickens and ducks also are good helpers for this.
The leafminer burrows into some vegetables it loves most such as spinach, swiss chard, and beets. For reducing this, you can crush and remove leaves that have eggs on them or use a floating row cover to keep adults from laying eggs on your plants.
#4 Flea Beetles
If the leaves of vegetables have lots of tiny holes and begin to look like lace, those are flea beetles, they will start chewing on your plants. There are some ways to control that you can apply including place yellow sticky traps at a height above your seedlings. Row covers can help as well. Neem is a useful organic pesticide or garlic oil may also help.
#5 Fire Blight
Fire blight lives in infected branches and cankers on the tree. Cankers are dead sections of bark, the bacteria emerge from the tree in early spring, multiplies, and spreads. To control fire blight, let’s heavily pruning damaged branches.
#6 Slugs and Snails
Both slugs and snails emerge to chew on the leaves of your young seedlings at night. You can catch them easily by laying down some wide boards in the garden. During the day, flip the boards over and pick off the snails.
Aphids are tiny pear-shaped insects and great at reproduction. You can repel them easily by using an organic pesticide such as neem oil or Safer. Or you can grow plants that can attract beneficial insects, which are lady beetles, lacewings, soldier beetles, and hoverflies, to eat aphids.
Cutworm is a caterpillar, they cut down seedlings by chewing on stems and leaves. Protecting your new transplants with a collar using a toilet paper tube or just some newspapers is a useful way.
Rust is a fungal disease with reddish-brown spots or patches on leaves that then turn brown and even black, the leaf can’t photosynthesize and fall off. When many leaves are affected, it can make plants be stunted or even kill.
#10 Asparagus Beetles
Asparagus Beetles loves eating this vegetable by chew on both the ferns and the spears. To protect, you can use floating row cover over plants when they are young, or use neem to get rid of the beetles if in more severe cases.
#11 Leaf Spots
Leaf spot diseases may be either bacterial or fungal and thrives in wetness. So, when the weather dries out, the plant might recover and continue to grow. Or you can control dirt splashing onto your plants by using an organic mulch or landscaping fabric. Also, pick up any infected leaves and compost them in a hot compost pile is a useful way.