Like other vegetables, eggplants are also subject to a number of irritating pests and diseases that cause growth problems and lead affect the yield. If your eggplants are getting into some trouble and need your help. Don’t worry, you are reading the right post to find methods. Maybe this veggie is struggling with one of the most common garlic plant diseases. And we’ve rounded up 7 Common Eggplant Diseases along with some ways to remove them you shouldn’t miss out.
To harvest high production and quality, you should observe the common eggplant diseases as soon as possible. And these are common problems that almost every eggplant gardener has experienced when growing, so learning what insects and diseases eggplants will help you keep your garden healthy. We hope that after reading this information, it will be useful for you.
#1 Verticillium Wilt
Source: Lindsey du Toit
Verticillium wilt is a fungal pathogen that appears on eggplants. You’ll see yellow blotches on the lower leaves, rapid yellowing, and rolling leaf edges. This disease comes out during cool temperatures in the spring, and controlling this fungus is hard.
#2 Cercospora Leaf Spot
Cercospora leaf spot is a fungal pathogen with small circular spots on the leaves that are light to dark brown. Badly infected leaves dry out and curl, eventually dropping off the plant. Growing plants and you should give them room for proper airflow, and always irrigate at the base of plants. Using fungicides can help decrease the fungus on your plants.
#3 Damping Off
Damping-off is the most common eggplant disease that infects seedlings. Infected seedlings fail to fully emerge. It causes seedlings to collapse, dry up, and die. To reduce this disease, you should give good air circulation in a potting room. Don’t water seedlings from the top. Water your seedlings from the bottom. For seedlings in the garden use drip irrigation. Water in the morning, so the soil isn’t damp when the sun goes down.
#4 Blossom-End Rot
When your fruits are infected with the blossom end rot disease, you’ll notice small, water-soaked areas on the ends of the fruits where the blossom was when unripened. Gradually, the lesions enlarge, turn black and leathery in appearance. To control, giving the right amount of calcium in the soil. Avoid digging or disturbing the soil near the roots. Do not add too much nitrogen to your soil.
#5 Powdery Mildew
Powdery Mildew also is a fungal disease that causes white, powdery spots on the leaves, shoots, flowers, and fruits. They might also cause yellow, twisted leaves that eventually drop off the plants. To reduce, water your garden from below instead of overhead. Increase airflow in your gardening by pruning your garden, cutting larger plants will create space within the plant itself and between the plants. Mulching around the base of the plant can help prevent this issue and keep mildew off your plants.
#6 Anthracnose Fruit Rot
Anthracnose Fruit Rot causes small, sunken spots on the fruits of your plants. Over time, the spots merge into much larger blotches with an orange or pinky jelly-like patch covering the lesions. To get rid of, dispose of diseased plant parts, prune off diseased parts of the plant, even use chemical treatments for serious situations.
#7 Early Blight
Early Blight causes brown-black spots on the leaves that cover the leaf surfaces. This fungus spreads rapidly after plants set fruit, applying fungicide at the first sign of the disease may be effective.